This is what Dr Charl’s research revealed…
Dr Simeons was able to pinpoint that the body’s fat-control and fat-bank regulating system is located in an area of the brain known as the diencephalon and not so much the thyroid as most presumed.
A complex of structures including the thalamus, hypothalamus and pituitary, the diencephalon is probably the most sensitive and complex focus of control in the whole body. It governs the central nervous system, our hormones, emotions, stress and mood. It oversees our autonomic nervous system, heart rate, the urinary system, blood pressure, body temperature, fluid and electrolyte balance, and sexuality and sleep cycles.
Within the complex that forms the diencephalon, the hypothalamus is the most important gland when it comes to our experience of hunger and thirst. With the help of the other members of the diencephalon team, and the neural and hormonal connections they make with the rest of the body, the hypothalamus decides whether your body lays down more inessential fat as well as how and when it lets go of it.
Dr Simeons often compared this with banking. The diencephalon manages our fat deposits and withdrawals the way a bank manages our money.
When you take in more caloric energy from your food than your body needs, at any moment, the surplus gets deposited in your ‘current account’. This current account holds normal fat deposits, from which your body can withdraw caloric energy when it needs to. But when, for any reason, fat deposits become more frequent than your withdrawals, a point is reached which goes beyond the diencephalon’s banking capacity to hold them in such a way that they continue to be accessible to you.
Just as a banker might suggest to a wealthy client that instead of accumulating a large and unmanageable current account he should invest his surplus capital, the body appears to establish a fixed deposit into which all surplus funds go but from which they can no longer be withdrawn by the procedure used in a current account. In this way the diencephalic ‘fat-bank’ frees itself from all work which goes beyond its normal banking capacity. The onset of obesity dates from the moment the diencephalon adopts this labour-saving ruse.
In people who have not inherited a tendency to obesity, as soon as the limit of their diencephalic fat-banking capacity is reached, the hypothalamus automatically curbs their appetite. They do not gain further weight. In those of us genetically predisposed to weight gain, this mechanism does not shut off appetite and limit further weight gain. In effect, it does not function in the way it was meant to do.
There appear to be three major factors, lying behind fat-banking errors through which obesity can become manifest.
Two of them are normal and essential. The third is both inessential and abnormal. Only the inessential, abnormal fat creates obesity.
The first kind of normal fat – also known as visceral or structural fat – acts like upholstery or packing material to cushion our internal organs. It guards delicate structures such as the bladder, the spleen, the kidneys and the eyeballs by embedding them in soft elastic tissue.
It also protects the coronary arteries, helps keep the skin firm and smooth and creates the vital cushion of firm fat under the heels of the feet without which we would be unable to walk without pain.
The second variety of normal fat is evenly distributed throughout the body. It provides an equally important reserve of energy so that, when there is a lack of food or a famine, we are able to call on this reserve to fuel our metabolism and keep us going.
Both these fats – structural and reserve – are important to the well-being of any man or woman. And even if your body chooses to store these essential fats to capacity, they will never make you obese. A healthy, well-fed body can function perfectly well for a limited time subsisting only on its normal fat reserves.
The kind of fat is inessential and abnormal fat you see in the build-up of the adipose deposits which distort our bodies. It creates beer bellies on men and spreading waistlines, thighs and bottoms on women. It is these inessential fat deposits that result in obesity. Theoretically, one would expect this kind of fat to function as a ‘reserve of fuel’ just as normal fat does. The problem is that in people with a tendency to gain weight, this non-essential fat gets ‘locked away’ beyond reach so that, even when your body needs energy, you are unable to access it.
When we go on slimming diets, or on fasts, instead of being able to tap into this kind of inessential fat, we often shed our normal reserves as well. This is one reason yo-yo dieters suffer such frustration. What’s worse, if we stay on one of these diets, it can result in a loss of essential structural fat, undermining our health.
Dr Simeons says: “When an obese patient tries to reduce by starving himself, he will first lose his normal fat reserves. When these are exhausted, he begins to burn up structural fat, and only as a last resort will the body yield its abnormal reserves, though by that time the patient usually feels so weak and hungry that the diet is abandoned. It is just for this reason that obese patients complain that when they diet they lose the wrong fat. They feel famished and tired and their face becomes drawn and haggard, but their belly, hips, thighs and upper arms show little improvement. The fat they have come to detest stays on and the fat they need to cover their bones gets less and less. Their skin wrinkles and they look old and miserable. And that is one of the most frustrating and depressing experiences a human being can have.
hCG is an acronym for human chorionic gonadotrophin – a protein-based hormone often called the pregnancy hormone. It starts being made in a woman’s body seven or eight days after conception. hCG is the largest and most complex glycoprotein present in the human body. It holds some 300 amino acids in its molecular structure.
The presence of hCG in the body strongly affects the diencephalon’s fat-banking.
Pregnancy seems to be the only normal human condition in which the diencephalic fat banking capacity is unlimited. It is only during pregnancy that fixed fat deposits can be transferred back into the normal current account and freely drawn upon to make up for any nutritional deficit. During pregnancy, every ounce of reserve fat is placed at the disposal of the growing foetus. There is considerable evidence to suggest that it is the hCG produced in large quantities in the placenta which brings about this diencephalic change.